editia curenta - Anul XI, nr. 4, 2018 - Apare lunar
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Hunedoara, 700 de ani de atestare documentara



Hunedoara a sarbatorit pe 18 octombrie 700 de ani de atestare documentara.
Hunedoara (German: Eisenmarkt; Hungarian: Vajdahunyad) is a city in Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania. It is in the Cerna Valley near the Poiana Ruscă Mountains within the Carpathian Mountains.
The city of Hunedoara has the most important Gothic-style secular building in Transylvania: Hunyad Castle, which is closely connected with the Hunyadi family. The castle was originally a small royal citadel and was given to Vajk (Romanian: Voicu) by King Sigismund of Luxemburg in 1409. Vajk's son, Johannes de Hunyad, began enlargement of the castle into a Gothic residence in 1446. The castle was damaged by fire five times, but underwent successive renovations in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by the architects Imre Steindl, Frigyes Schulek and István Möller.
Besides the Romanian population, there are also ethnic Hungarians and Germans living in Hunedoara. A Roma population also thrives in a small village near the city, called Hăşdat. The city contains many green gardens, and old trees flank the streets. The castle has been turned into a museum, following recent reconstruction. A large dam, with tourist facilities, is located a few kilometres from the city, up in the mountains. A big, nice hotel, called Rusca Hotel, recently renovated, lies in the city center.
During the 20th century, Hunedoara increased its population to 86,000 inhabitants. 14 thtury Gothic castle. It was built on old Roman fortifications, on a strategic position, on a rocky cliff at the t of Zlasti river from a small defile from Poiana Rusca Mountains.
Hunedoara castle is also found as Corvinesti Castle. Hunedora is evocative, with three huge pointed towers, a drawbridge and high battlements. Five marble columns with elicate ribbed vaults support two halls (1453), the Diet Hall above the Knight's Hall below. The castle wall was hewn out of 30 m of solid rock by Turkish prisoners.

The fortress was extensively restored by Iancu de Hunedoara, prince of Transylvania, from 1452 onwards.
You enter the castle over a suspended bridge above the abrupt river bed of Zlasti. Under the gate is the guard room and the prison. On the right, you enter the "Knight's hall", built in a gothic style and at the floor there is the "Diet's Hall" with the medalions of romanians leaders and the "Capistrano tower".

Iancu de Hunedoara

The castle was restored in 1952; a handful of its 50 rooms today houses a feudal art museum.
The visitor is impressed by the massiveness of the building

Anjou family built the castle on the older Roman fortifications in 1320.
Sigismund of Luxemburg offered the castle in 1409 to the Voicu nobleman and his family (Corvins) as reward for special military merits. Iancu de Hunedoara was the Transylvanian Prince. Matei Corvin, Iancu's son become the King of Transylvania and Hungary.

Iancu Corvin (Johannes Corvin de Hunyad or Iancu de Hunedoara) enlarged the construction existing in the XIV century; as a result of two succesive construction stages, a new precincts was developed, between 1441 - 1446, equipped with 7 protective towers - 4 circular ones and 3 rectangular ones.


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ROBOR LA TREI LUNI 3,17%
ROBOR la şase luni a crescut la
3,44%, faţă de 3,43%, nivelul
anunţat pe 11 oct. de BNR şi atinge cea mai ridicată
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GUVERNUL A APROBAT PROIECTUL
NOII LEGI A PENSIILOR

​​Proiectul noii legi a pensiilor a fost aprobat în ședința de guvern de miercuri și va fi trimisă în Parlament, a anunțat ministrul Muncii, Lia Olguța Vasilescu. 

„Nicio pensie nu ca scădea după recalculare. Nu se modifică vârsta standard de pensionare și nici stagiul de cotizare", a spus aceasta. 

Vasilescu e precizat că printre noutățile aduse de proiect se numără cea privind introducerea masteratului şi doctoratului ca perioade necontributive asimilate stagiului de cotizare, pentru fiecare an de perioadă asimilată urmând a se acorda câte 0,25 de puncte. (continuare la Bănci și macroeconomie) 

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